Perceptions of a Secure Cloud-Based Solution for Data Sharing during Acute Stroke Care: Qualitative Interview Study

Marcela Tuler de Oliveira*, Lúcio Henrik Amorim, Henk Marquering, Aeilko H. Zwinderman, Sílvia Delgado Olabarriaga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Acute stroke care demands fast procedures performed through the collaboration of multiple professionals across multiple organizations. Cloud computing and the wide adoption of electronic medical records (EMRs) enable health care systems to improve data availability and facilitate sharing among professionals. However, designing a secure and privacy-preserving EMR cloud-based application is challenging because it must dynamically control the access to the patient’s EMR according to the needs for data during treatment. Objective: We developed a prototype of a secure EMR cloud-based application. The application explores the security features offered by the eHealth cloud-based framework created by the Advanced Secure Cloud Encrypted Platform for Internationally Orchestrated Solutions in Health Care Horizon 2020 project. This study aimed to collect impressions, challenges, and improvements for the prototype when applied to the use case of secure data sharing among acute care teams during emergency treatment in the Netherlands. Methods: We conducted 14 semistructured interviews with medical professionals with 4 prominent roles in acute care: emergency call centers, ambulance services, emergency hospitals, and general practitioner clinics. We used in-depth interviews to capture their perspectives about the application’s design and functions and its use in a simulated acute care event. We used thematic analysis of interview transcripts. Participants were recruited until the collected data reached thematic saturation. Results: The participants’ perceptions and feedback are presented as 5 themes identified from the interviews: current challenges (theme 1), quality of the shared EMR data (theme 2), integrity and auditability of the EMR data (theme 3), usefulness and functionality of the application (theme 4), and trust and acceptance of the technology (theme 5). The results reinforced the current challenges in patient data sharing during acute stroke care. Moreover, from the user point of view, we expressed the challenges of adopting the Advanced Secure Cloud Encrypted Platform for Internationally Orchestrated Solutions in Health Care Acute Stroke Care application in a real scenario and provided suggestions for improving the proposed technology’s acceptability. Conclusions: This study has endorsed a system that supports data sharing among acute care professionals with efficiency, but without compromising the security and privacy of the patient. This explorative study identified several significant barriers to and improvement opportunities for the future acceptance and adoption of the proposed system. Moreover, the study results highlight that the desired digital transformation should consider integrating the already existing systems instead of requesting migration to a new centralized system.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere40061
JournalJMIR Formative Research
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute stroke care
  • cloud-based applications
  • cross-organization data sharing
  • data access control
  • data privacy
  • electronic health records
  • encryption
  • mobile phone
  • qualitative interview study

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