Performance and uniformity of a kilo-pixel array of Ti/Au transition-edge sensor microcalorimeters

E. Taralli*, M. D'Andrea, L. Gottardi, K. Nagayoshi, M. L. Ridder, M. De Wit, D. Vaccaro, H. Akamatsu, M. P. Bruijn, J. R. Gao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Uniform large transition-edge sensor (TES) arrays are fundamental for the next generation of x-ray space observatories. These arrays are required to achieve an energy resolution ΔE < 3 eV full width at half maximum (FWHM) in the soft x-ray energy range. We are currently developing x-ray microcalorimeter arrays for use in the future laboratory and space-based x-ray astrophysics experiments and ground-based spectrometers. In this contribution, we report on the development and the characterization of a uniform 32 × 32 pixel array with 140 × 30 μm2 Ti/Au TESs with the Au x-ray absorber. We report on extensive measurements on 60 pixels in order to show the uniformity of our large TES array. The averaged critical temperature is Tc = 89.5 ± 0.5 mK, and the variation across the array (∼1 cm) is less than 1.5 mK. We found a large region of detector's bias points between 20% and 40% of the normal-state resistance where the energy resolution is constantly lower than 3 eV. In particular, results show a summed x-ray spectral resolution ΔEFWHM = 2.50 ± 0.04 eV at a photon energy of 5.9 keV, measured in a single-pixel mode using a frequency domain multiplexing readout system developed at SRON/VTT at bias frequencies ranging from 1 MHz to 5 MHz. Moreover, we compare the logarithmic resistance sensitivity with respect to temperature and current (α and β, respectively) and their correlation with the detector's noise parameter M, showing a homogeneous behavior for all the measured pixels in the array.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023101
Number of pages10
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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