Performance evaluation of a smart buffer control at a wastewater treatment plant

Petra van Daal-Rombouts, L Benedetti, J Jonge, S Weijers, Jeroen Langeveld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)


Real time control (RTC) is increasingly seen as a viable method to optimise the functioning of wastewater systems. Model exercises and case studies reported in literature claim a positive impact of RTC based on results without uncertainty analysis and flawed evaluation periods. This paper describes two integrated RTC strategies at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) Eindhoven, the Netherlands, that aim to improve the use of the available tanks at the WWTP and storage in the contributing catchments to reduce the impact on the receiving water. For the first time it is demonstrated that a significant improvement can be achieved through the application of RTC in practice. The Storm Tank Control is evaluated based on measurements and reduces the number of storm water settling tank discharges by 44% and the discharged volume by an estimated 33%, decreasing dissolved oxygen depletion in the river. The Primary Clarifier Control is evaluated based on model simulations. The maximum event NH4 concentration in the effluent reduced on average 19% for large events, while the load reduced 20%. For all 31 events the reductions are 11 and 4% respectively. Reductions are significant taking uncertainties into account, while using representative evaluation periods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180–190
JournalWater Research
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Modelling
  • Monitoring
  • Impact based RTC
  • Integrated control
  • Uncertainty analysis
  • Wastewater systems


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