Performances of the HL (Hyperloop) transport system

Kees van Goeverden, Dimitris Milakis, Milan Janic, Rob Konings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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This paper deals with an analysis of performances of the HL (Hyperloop) transport system considered as an advanced transport alternative to the existing APT (Air Passenger Transport) and HSR (High Speed Rail) systems. The considered performances are operational, financial, social and environmental. The operational performance include capacity and quality of service provided to the system’s users-passengers with attributes such as door-to-door travel time consisting of the access and egress time, schedule delay, in-vehicle time, and interchange time. The economic performances embrace the costs and revenues of operating the system. The costs include that for infrastructure, vehicles, traffic management facilities and equipment, and employees. The revenues embrace earnings from pricing users/passengers. The environmental performances include energy consumption and related emissions of GHGs (Green House Gases), and land use. The social performances are considered to be noise and safety. The analytical models of indicators of these performances are developed and applied to the scenario of operating the HL system on the short- to medium-haul travel distances/routes. These are then compared to the corresponding performances of the HSR and APT. This comparison has shown that the HL system may possess some advantages but also disadvantages regarding particular performances.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017
Subtitle of host publicationTowards an Autonomous and Interconnected Transport Future
EditorsM. Cools , S. Limbourg
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event2017 BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days: Towards an autonomous and interconnected transport future - Liège, Belgium
Duration: 18 May 201719 May 2017


Conference2017 BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days
Internet address


  • HL (Hyperloop) system
  • performances
  • analysis
  • modelling
  • estimation


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