Phase flip code with semiconductor spin qubits

F. van Riggelen, W. I.L. Lawrie, M. Russ, N. W. Hendrickx, A. Sammak, M. Rispler, B. M. Terhal, G. Scappucci, M. Veldhorst*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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The fault-tolerant operation of logical qubits is an important requirement for realizing a universal quantum computer. Spin qubits based on quantum dots have great potential to be scaled to large numbers because of their compatibility with standard semiconductor manufacturing. Here, we show that a quantum error correction code can be implemented using a four-qubit array in germanium. We demonstrate a resonant SWAP gate and by combining controlled-Z and controlled-S−1 gates we construct a Toffoli-like three-qubit gate. We execute a two-qubit phase flip code and find that we can preserve the state of the data qubit by applying a refocusing pulse to the ancilla qubit. In addition, we implement a phase flip code on three qubits, making use of a Toffoli-like gate for the final correction step. Both the quality and quantity of the qubits will require significant improvement to achieve fault-tolerance. However, the capability to implement quantum error correction codes enables co-design development of quantum hardware and software, where codes tailored to the properties of spin qubits and advances in fabrication and operation can now come together to advance semiconductor quantum technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124
Number of pages7
JournalNPJ Quantum Information
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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