Phase-shift correction of seismic reflections by means of spectral recomposition

Nelson Ricardo Coelho Flores Zuniga*, Deyan Draganov, Ranajit Ghose

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Using post-critical reflection data, it is possible to obtain useful information that allows more reliable geological characterization of the subsurface. However, the strong distortion caused by the phase shift in post-critical wavelets makes the use of post-critical reflections rather challenging. For this reason, an approach which is capable of estimating the phase shift of each wavelet of a reflection event in a data-driven manner is desirable. In this vein, in case the frequency spectrum of a wavelet can be correctly estimated, it is possible to estimate the instantaneous phase shift. In this work, we propose an approach which can perform such estimation based on spectral recomposition of seismic data. We design an inversion approach in order to reconstruct the seismic spectrum of the wavelets of a reflection event, which subsequently allows us to estimate the instantaneous phase of each wavelet of the near-surface reflection events without performing prior velocity analysis and/or critical-angle estimation. After finding the instantaneous phase for each wavelet of a reflection event, we show next how one can find the respective phase shifts that can then be corrected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-426
Number of pages13
JournalNear Surface Geophysics
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • frequency
  • inversion
  • phase
  • seismic
  • shallow subsurface

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