In order to understand the physics of the delamination onset in laminated composites, an experimental investigation of delamination growth is presented. The main objective of this paper is to demonstrate that delamination onset occurs at lower values than Gc defined by the ASTM standards, and that the strain energy release rate level at which the crack growth onset occurs under any mixed mode I/II loading is governed by the critical strain energy density (SED) approach. Quasi-static delamination experiments have been performed under mode I, mode II and mixed mode I/II loadings. The value of the strain energy release rate at the observed crack onset and the angle of the initial crack growth were correlated with the SED theory to test the validity. The acoustic emission was also used to provide more insight into the physics of the delamination growth. The investigation shows that the onset of delamination growth occurs at the strain energy release rate levels predicted by the critical SED approach, and well before reaching the critical strain energy release rate determined via delamination tests following the ASTM standards. Moreover, results indicated that the predicted angle of the initial crack for delamination onset was in a good agreement with the experimental data
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- Laminated composite
- Mixed mode I/II loading
- Strain energy density