PIV-based pressure measurement

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The topic of this article is a review of the approach to extract pressure fields from flow velocity field data, typically obtained with particle image velocimetry (PIV), by combining the experimental data with the governing equations. Although the basic working principles on which this procedure relies have been known for quite some time, the recent expansion of PIV capabilities has greatly increased its practical potential, up to the extent that nowadays a time-resolved volumetric pressure determination has become feasible. This has led to a novel
diagnostic methodology for determining the instantaneous flow field pressure in a non-intrusive way, which is rapidly finding acceptance in an increasing variety of application areas. The current review describes the operating principles, illustrating how the flow-governing equations, in particular the equation of momentum, are employed to compute the pressure from the material acceleration of the flow. Accuracy aspects are discussed in relation to the most dominating experimental influences, notably the accuracy of the velocity source data, the temporal and spatial resolution and the method invoked to estimate the material derivative. In view of its nature of an emerging technique, recently published dedicated validation studies will be given specific attention. Different application areas are addressed, including turbulent flows, aeroacoustics, unsteady wing aerodynamics and other aeronautical applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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