Planning a Revolution: Labour Movements and Housing Projects in Tehran, 1943-1963

Hamed Khosravi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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    Abstract

    When life itself becomes a political project, any distinction between space of action and dwelling ceases to exist. This differentiation indeed is tended to neutralise the life itself. The emergence of such forms of life has progressively eroded the strict division between public and private space, between the space of living and space of political action. The city becomes at the same time a continuous field of exteriorised publicity and a sequence of autonomous, privatised interiors. Tehran is a paradigmatic case of the latter phenomenon; the house is the place where all the economic, political, social, theological and class conflicts are deployed. In Tehran, parallel to the Post- World War II political movements (1943-63), the immediate need for massive reconstruction not only resulted in developing new construction techniques and planning regulations, but also paved the way for direct implementation of series of political projects. Those attempts are commonly seen as political projects to instrumentalise new technology and modernist architectural and planning principles in order to tame the socio-political tensions. However the paper tends to read the first post- WWII housing projects in Tehran as instruments of social and political mobilisation, through which the city’s working class and middle-class re-established their social and spatial autonomy, through a dialectical process of action and resistance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHistory Urbanism Resilience
    Subtitle of host publicationThe Urban Fabric
    EditorsCarola Hein
    PublisherTU Delft Open
    Pages43-52
    ISBN (Print)978-94-92516-09-1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event17th IPHS Conference History-Urbanism-Resilience - Delft, Netherlands
    Duration: 17 Jul 201621 Jul 2016
    http://iphs2016.org/

    Publication series

    NameInternational Planning History Society Proceedings
    Number2
    Volume17
    ISSN (Print)2468-6948
    ISSN (Electronic)2468-6956

    Conference

    Conference17th IPHS Conference History-Urbanism-Resilience
    CountryNetherlands
    CityDelft
    Period17/07/1621/07/16
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Tehran
    • social movement
    • housing project
    • post-WWII
    • Tudeh Party
    • Chaharsad Dastgah
    • Kuy-e Narmak
    • Kuy-e Nazi Abad

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