Planning Cultures between Models of Society and Planning

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    14 Citations (Scopus)


    In this chapter we argue that the characteristics of spatial planning systems are embedded in wider models of society, and that the notion of planning cultures sits between the two. We review the parallel dynamics of models of society and models (or typologies) of planning systems and identify the level of correspondence between them. Drawing on evidence from various European countries presented in the various chapters of this book and from elsewhere we show that many planning systems are undergoing similar types of changes despite the fact that the underlying model of society and the nature of the planning system are quite different. We also consider the extent to which these changes in planning systems are leading to convergence.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPlanning Cultures in Europe
    Subtitle of host publicationDecoding Cultural Phenomena in Urban and Regional Planning
    PublisherTaylor & Francis
    Number of pages18
    ISBN (Electronic)9781351910910
    ISBN (Print)9780754675655
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © Joerg Knieling and Frank Othengrafen 2009.

    Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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