Plasma gasification of raw and torrefied woody, non-woody, and algal biomass using three different gasifying agents (air, steam, and CO2) is conducted through a thermodynamic analysis. The impacts of feedstock and reaction atmosphere on various performance indices such as syngas yield, pollutant emissions, plasma energy to syngas production ratio (PSR), and plasma gasification efficiency (PGE) are studied. Results show that CO2 plasma gasification gives the lowest PSR, thereby leading to the highest PGE among the three reaction atmospheres. Torrefied biomass displays increased syngas yield and PGE, but is more likely to have a negative environmental impact of N/S pollutants in comparison with raw one, especially for rice straw. However, the exception is for torrefied grape marc and macroalgae which produce lower amounts of S-species under steam and CO2 atmospheres. Overall, torrefied pine wood has the best performance for producing high quality syngas containing low impurities among the investigated feedstocks.
- NO and SO precursors
- Plasma energy to syngas production ratio (PSR)
- Plasma gasification
- Plasma gasification efficiency (PGE)
- Thermodynamic analysis
- Torrefied biomass