Platooning of Automated Ground Vehicles to Connect Port and Hinterland: A Multi-objective Optimization Approach

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Abstract

Automated ground vehicles (AGVs) are essential parts of container operations at many ports. Forming platoons—as conceptually established in trucking—may allow these vehicles to directly cater demand points such as dry ports in the hinterland. In this work, we aim to assess such AGV platoons in terms of operational efficiency and costs, considering the case of the Port of Rotterdam. We propose a multi-objective mixed-integer programming model that minimizes dwell and idle times, on the one hand, and the total cost of the system involving transportation, labor, and platoon formation costs, on the other hand. To achieve Pareto optimal solutions that capture the trade-offs between minimizing cost and time, we apply an augmented epsilon constraint method. The results indicate that all the containers are delivered by AGVs. This not only shortens the dwell time of the containers by decreasing loading/unloading processes and eliminating stacking but also leads to considerable cost savings.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational Logistics
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 11th International Conference, ICCL 2020
EditorsEduardo Lalla-Ruiz, Martijn Mes, Stefan Voß
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages428-442
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-59747-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-59746-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event11th International Conference on Computational Logistics, ICCL 2020 - Enschede, Netherlands
Duration: 28 Sep 202030 Sep 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume12433
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Computational Logistics, ICCL 2020
CountryNetherlands
CityEnschede
Period28/09/2030/09/20

Keywords

  • Automated ground vehicles
  • Container terminals
  • Emission analysis
  • Loading/unloading operations
  • Platooning

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