pmTR database: Population matched (pm) germline allelic variants of T-cell receptor (TR) loci

Julian Dekker, Jacques J.M. van Dongen*, Marcel J.T. Reinders, Indu Khatri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The IMGT database profiles the TR germline alleles for all four TR loci (TRA, TRB, TRG and TRD), however, it does not comprise of the information regarding population specificity and allelic frequencies of these germline alleles. The specificity of allelic variants to different human populations can, however, be a rich source of information when studying the genetic basis of population-specific immune responses in disease and in vaccination. Therefore, we meticulously identified true germline alleles enriched with complete TR allele sequences and their frequencies across 26 different human populations, profiled by “1000 Genomes data”. We identified 205 TRAV, 249 TRBV, 16 TRGV and 5 TRDV germline alleles supported by at least four haplotypes. The diversity of germline allelic variants in the TR loci is the highest in Africans, while the majority of the Non-African alleles are specific to the Asian populations, suggesting a diverse profile of TR germline alleles in different human populations. Interestingly, the alleles in the IMGT database are frequent and common across all five super-populations. We believe that this new set of germline TR sequences represents a valuable new resource which we have made available through the new population-matched TR (pmTR) database, accessible via

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-110
Number of pages12
JournalGenes and Immunity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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