Policy transfer routes: an evidence-based conceptual model to explain policy adoption

E. (Ellen) Minkman*, M. W.(Arwin) van Buuren, V. J.J.M.(Victor) Bekkers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Although studies on policy transfer have expanded, a general and comprehensive understanding of policy transfer is lacking. This study offers an evidence-based explanation of policy transfer processes. We extracted constraining and facilitating factors from 180 empirical studies using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis) and aggregated these factors into a conceptual framework. We synthesize our findings in four “transfer routes”. We conclude that actors could shape a subset of those factors by taking certain decisions regarding transferability, adoptability and process design, albeit within the boundaries of the environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-250
Number of pages29
JournalPolicy Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • evidence-based
  • factors
  • policy diffusion
  • policy mobility
  • Policy transfer


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