Highest conversion efficiency in crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells can be enabled by quenching minority carriers' recombination at c-Si/contact interface owing to carrier-selective passivating contacts. With the semi-insulating poly-crystalline silicon (SIPOS, poly-Si) a very good passivation of c-Si surfaces was obtained. We have explored these passivating structures on IBC solar cells and obtained over 22% efficiency with over 23% within reach on the short term. We present in detail the passivation quality of p-type and n-type ion-implanted LPCVD poly-crystalline silicon (poly-Si) and its relation to the doping profile. Optimized poly-Si layers in the role of emitter and BSF showed excellent passivation (J0,emitter = 11.5 fA/cm2 and J0,BSF = 4.5 fA/cm2) and have been deployed in FSF-based IBC c-Si solar cells using a simple self-aligned patterning process. Applying an optimized passivation of FSF by PECVD a-Si:H/SiNx layer (J0,FSF = 6.5 fA/cm2) leads to a cell with efficiency of 22.1% (VOC = 709 mV, JSC = 40.7 mA/cm2, FF = 76.6%). Since over 83% FF has been reached with adjusted metallization technology on similar IBC structures, we believe 23% efficiency is within reach on the short term. Further improvement, especially at JSC level, is expected by deploying less absorbing carrier-selective passivating contacts based on poly-Si or wide bandgap poly-SiOx layers (J0 ~ 10 fA/cm2).
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||SiliconPV 2017: 7th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics - Freiburg, Germany|
Duration: 3 Apr 2017 → 5 Apr 2017
- IBC c-Si solar cell
- passivating contact
- poly-crystalline silicon oxide alloys