For a vast class of dynamical networks, including chemical reaction networks (CRNs) with monotonic reaction rates, the existence of a polyhedral Lyapunov function (PLF) implies structural (i.e., parameter-free) local stability. Global structural stability is ensured under the additional assumption that each of the variables (chemical species concentrations in CRNs) is subject to a spontaneous infinitesimal dissipation. This paper solves the open problem of global structural stability in the absence of the infinitesimal dissipation, showing that the existence of a PLF structurally ensures global convergence if and only if the system Jacobian passes a structural non-singularity test. It is also shown that, if the Jacobian is structurally non-singular, under positivity assumptions for the system partial derivatives, the existence of an equilibrium is guaranteed. For systems subject to positivity constraints, it is shown that, if the system admits a PLF, under structural non-singularity assumptions, global convergence within the positive orthant is structurally ensured, while the existence of an equilibrium can be proven by means of a linear programming test and the computation of a piecewise-linear-in-rate Lyapunov function.
- Chemical reaction networks
- Dynamical networks
- Global stability
- Piecewise-linear Lyapunov functions
- Structural stability