Power Scheduling of Fuel Cell Cars in an Islanded Mode Microgrid with Private Driving Patterns

Farid Alavi*, Nathan Van De Wouw, Bart De Schutter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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A microgrid in the islanded mode is considered where a fleet of fuel cell cars is used as a distributed power generation system. The objective of the proposed control system is to minimize the operational cost of the system, subject to the physical and operational constraints of the system. In order to deal with uncertainty in the prediction of the microgrid's load, two model predictive control methods, a min-max (MM) approach and disturbance feedback MM approach, are proposed. We develop three distributed control algorithms and we show that by using these algorithms, the driving patterns of the fuel cell cars can be kept private. In other words, no privacy sensitive data on the usage of the cars are collected by a central control agent. Numerical case studies are presented to demonstrate the excellent performance of the proposed control methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1393-1403
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Accepted Author Manuscript


  • Decentralized control
  • distributed power generation
  • fuel cells
  • smart grids


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