PPP-RTK by means of S-system theory: Australian network and user demonstration

Dennis Odijk, Amir Khodabandeh, Nandakumaran Nadarajah, Mazher Choudhury, Baocheng Zhang, Wei Li, Peter J G Teunissen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The development of an Australian PPP-RTK processing platform is an important component of a multi-GNSS (global navigation satellite system) enabled national positioning infrastructure. The PPP-RTK concept extends the precise point positioning (PPP) concept by providing single-receiver users with information enabling integer ambiguity resolution, thereby reducing convergence times as compared to that of PPP. In this contribution we present and discuss the underlying principles of the PPP-RTK platform for both network and user. We demonstrate its GPS-based performance and provide an outlook for when multi-GNSS constellations, such as BDS, Galileo and QZSS, become fully operational.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-27
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Spatial Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017


  • common-clocks S-system
  • Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS)
  • integer ambiguity resolution
  • national positioning infrastructure
  • PPP-RTK network and user

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'PPP-RTK by means of S-system theory: Australian network and user demonstration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this