Precise regional L5 positioning with IRNSS and QZSS: stand-alone and combined

Kan Wang, Pei Chen, Safoora Zaminpardaz, Peter J.G. Teunissen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


In this contribution we analyze the single-frequency L5 positioning capabilities of the two regional satellite navigation systems IRNSS and QZSS, stand alone as well as combined. The positioning analysis is done for two different baselines, having a mix of receivers, providing ambiguity-float and ambiguity-fixed positioning for models with and without zenith tropospheric delay (ZTD) estimation. The analyses include a precision analysis of the observed signals, as well as an analysis of the ambiguity resolution performance. This is done for both the multipath-uncorrected case as well as the multipath-mitigated case. It is shown that although single-system positioning performance is rather poor, the ZTD-fixed, single-epoch ambiguity success rates (ASRs) are close to 100% when the two regional systems are combined, thus providing mm-to-cm level precision for instantaneous ambiguity-fixed positioning. When the ZTD is estimated as well, only a few additional epochs are needed to get the ASRs close to 100%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalGPS Solutions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Ambiguity resolution
  • Ambiguity success-rate
  • L5 RTK positioning
  • Multipath
  • QZSS

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