Although architected materials based on truss networks have been shown to possess advantageous or extreme mechanical properties, those can be highly affected by tolerances and uncertainties in the manufacturing process, which are usually neglected during the design phase. Deterministic computational tools typically design structures with the assumption of perfect, defect-free architectures, while experiments have confirmed the inevitable presence of imperfections and their possibly detrimental impact on the effective properties. Information about the nature and expected magnitude of geometric defects that emerge from the additive manufacturing processes would allow for new designs that aim to mitigate (or at least account for) the effects of defects and to reduce the uncertainty in the effective properties. To this end, we here investigate the effects of four most commonly found types of geometric imperfections in trusses, applied to eleven representative truss topologies in two and three dimensions. Through our study, we (i) quantify the impact of imperfections on the effective stiffness through computational homogenization, (ii) examine the sensitivity of the various truss topologies with respect to those imperfections, (iii) demonstrate the applicability of the model through experiments on 3D-printed trusses, and (iv) present a machine learning framework to predict the presence of defects in a given truss architecture based merely on its mechanical response.
- Finite element method
- Machine learning