Preliminary study of scrapers around combustion features in layer SS, Sibudu, 58000 years ago

Lyn Wadley, Geeske Langejans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Sibudu has many layers with ages close to 58 000 years ago. One of these, SS, contains large combustion features, at least one putative post hole, and many scrapers clustered around these features. In addition, scrapers and modified ochre co-occur. The scrapers are made from dolerite or hornfels and they vary in size and shape. Traces of ochre were observed on three scrapers during use trace analysis. At least one of the scrapers seems to have been used for processing hide, but all were used on animal products. The presence of ochre-fat on the scrapers is suggestive of a medium used for softening and/or colouring hides. A domestic activity area is implied by the association of scrapers, modified ochre and grindstones around the combustion features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-33
Number of pages15
JournalSouth African Archaeological Bulletin
Issue number199
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Combustion features
  • Micro-residues
  • Middle stone age
  • Ochre
  • Post holes
  • Scrapers
  • Sibudu
  • Use traces

Cite this