Pressure based active load control of a blade in dynamic stall conditions

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A proportionate controller is investigated experimentally for unsteady load alleviation purposes on a 2D wing model with a trailing-edge flap. The controller acts on the velocity of the flaps, and pressure sensors are used to detect the unsteady loads, which are generated by actuating the wing model in a sinusoidal motion. Two different regimes are considered: attached flow and dynamic stall. The influence of actuation frequency and controller time lag is also studied. A reduction of 87.5% in the standard deviation of the lift is obtained for a frequency of 0.2Hz and time lag in the control system of 12ms for attached flow conditions. The reduction of the standard deviation of the lift deteriorates for increased frequency and time lag. The proposed controller is also able to reduce the loads during dynamic stall, although the reduction is smaller, close to 40%, and can negatively affect the aerodynamic damping of the model. The flap actuation is also shown to delay the onset of dynamic stall, by increasing the static stall angle with respect to the case without flap deflection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022003
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventScience of Making Torque from Wind 2020, TORQUE 2020 - Online, Virtual, Online, Netherlands
Duration: 28 Sep 20202 Oct 2020

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