Prevalence of self-reported stroke in association with ethnic background within a multi-ethnic population in Paramaribo, Suriname: Results from the helisur study

Ameerani V. Jarbandhan, Marco J.M. Hoozemans, Roselien Buys, Frederieke S. Diemer, Se Sergio M. Baldew, Jet Aartman, Lizzy M. Brewster, Gert A. Van Montfrans, Glenn P. Oehlers, DirkJan Veeger, Jerry Toelsie, Luc Vanhees

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Abstract

Background: Suriname is a middle-income country with a multi-ethnic population. Urbanization and ethnicity may be associated with incidence of cerebrovascular disease, but so far this has not been documented for Suriname. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of stroke in the capital of Suriname, and its association with ethnicity. Methods: Using the self-reported data from the ‘Healthy life in Suriname’ (HeliSur) study, we determined the prevalence of stroke in 1,478 subjects. The odds for having suffered from stroke in Javanese, Maroons and Creoles were separately compared to the odds in Hindustani. Odds ratios were adjusted for traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and smoking, by use of multiple logistic regression analysis. Results:The overall prevalence of stroke in urban Surinameis 3.2% (95% CI 2.3 to 4.0%). Hindustani reported the highest prevalence of stroke (4.1%, 95% CI 2.4 to 5.8%) compared to the Javanese (2.0%, 95% CI 0 to 4.0%), Creoles (3.6%, 95% CI 2.7 to 4.5%) and Maroons (1.8%, 95% CI 0.5 to 3.1%). Adjusted odds ratios showed no significant association between ethnic background and stroke. Conclusions: Stroke prevalence is high in urban Suriname, and there seems to be ethnic difference in its prevalence. However, with and without adjustments for traditional risk factors, no significant association between stroke and ethnicity could be shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-310
JournalNeurology Asia
Volume21
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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