Promoting Photocatalytic Activity of NH2-MIL-125(Ti) for H2 Evolution Reaction through Creation of TiIII- and CoI-Based Proton Reduction Sites

Vitalii Kavun, Evgeny Uslamin, Bart van der Linden, Stefano Canossa, Andrey Goryachev, Emma E. Bos, Jara Garcia Santaclara, Grigory Smolentsev, Eveliina Repo, Monique A. van der Veen

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Abstract

Titanium-based metal-organic framework, NH2-MIL-125(Ti), has been widely investigated for photocatalytic applications but has low activity in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). In this work, we show a one-step low-cost postmodification of NH2-MIL-125(Ti) via impregnation of Co(NO3)2. The resulting Co@NH2-MIL-125(Ti) with embedded single-site CoII species, confirmed by XPS and XAS measurements, shows enhanced activity under visible light exposure. The increased H2 production is likely triggered by the presence of active CoI transient sites detected upon collection of pump-flow-probe XANES spectra. Furthermore, both photocatalysts demonstrated a drastic increase in HER performance after consecutive reuse while maintaining their structural integrity and consistent H2 production. Via thorough characterization, we revealed two mechanisms for the formation of highly active proton reduction sites: nondestructive linker elimination resulting in coordinatively unsaturated Ti sites and restructuring of single CoII sites. Overall, this straightforward manner of confinement of CoII cocatalysts within NH2-MIL-125(Ti) offers a highly stable visible-light-responsive photocatalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54590-54601
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Volume15
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • cobalt
  • hydrogen evolution
  • metal–organic frameworks
  • photocatalysis
  • visible light

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