Concerning the high levels of energy consumption in the existing building stock, the necessity for characterization of the building envelop is a well-known issue. Accordingly, numerous methods and practices have been developed and studied to measure the thermal resistance and other thermal characteristics of the walls in-situ. In the current paper, a previously proposed method, the Excitation Pulse Method, EPM, based on the theory of thermal response factors, is further studied and investigated through simulations, to rapidly measure the thermal resistance of existing walls. A prototype is built and introduced to carry out larger number of measurements on site. The triangular pulse's properties such as the relation between its magnitude and its time interval on its corresponding response are investigated. It is shown how changes in time interval can make the method sensitive to the number of residuals and affect its reliability. General constraints and validity domain of the method are studied. In addition, the effect of 3D heat transfer on the performance of the method is further illustrated in light and heavy constructions. It is shown in which cases it is possible to apply the method in-situ and measure the thermal resistance within a couple of hours.
|Number of pages
|E3S Web of Conferences
|Published - 2019
|CLIMA 2019: REHVA 13th HVAC World Congress: Built Environment Facing Climate Change - Bucharest, Romania
Duration: 26 May 2019 → 29 May 2019