Protection of coastal areas in Italy: Where do national landscape and urban planning legislation fail?

Enzo Falco

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)
    1 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Italian coastal areas have been subject to strong anthropogenic pressure and urbanization processes over the past 60 years. Urbanization of the protected 300-m strip from shoreline has reached levels of over fifty per cent in some parts of the country. This article, by building on previous quantitative analyses and by providing some more quantitative data on the urbanization processes of coastal land at the provincial level, seeks to understand whether a con-cause that has led to a considerable urbanisation process is to be found in the way national landscape legislation has been designed, in its relationship with urban planning, and in the institutional and administrative fragmentation that characterise the management of coastal areas in Italy. After analysing landscape legislation and assessing its relationship with urban planning functions, following an approach based on concept of nomotropism the article highlights, for Italy as a whole, that national landscape legislation while seeking to protect and safeguard coastal areas paved the way for increased urbanization and development. Drawing on regional data on illegal development, the concept of nomotropism is also used to emphasise the impact that building amnesty laws have had on the practice of illegal development so contributing to increased urbanization processes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)80-89
    JournalLand Use Policy
    Volume66
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • Urban planning
    • Urbanization impact
    • Coastal Zone Management
    • Landscape legislation
    • Illegal building activity
    • Italy

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