Public Funding in Collective Innovations for Public–Private Activities

Boriana Rukanova, Helle Zinner Henriksen, F. Heijmann, Ifa Arman, Yao-hua Tan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


Whereas in market-driven situations the private parties have an interest in driving innovations towards implementation, in the case of public concerns, it is often the public concern that initiates the innovation process. The issue for the public funding agencies is then to stimulate idea generation and the process towards implementation and impact. However, these innovation processes are complex, as they involve a multiplicity of public and private actors with different and sometimes conflicting concerns. Thus, the benefits and business cases are not immediately clear and this makes it hard to scale beyond the proof of concept. In this paper we examine and derive lessons learned based on a longitudinal case study of a series four EU-funded projects (ITAIDE, INTEGRITY, CASSANDRA and CORE) in the international trade domain that aimed to develop digital trade infrastructure solutions (data pipelines) to address security and trade facilitation challenges. For our case analysis, we adapt and extend Bryson et al.’s framework [1] on cross-sector collaborations. We show how each of these projects covered one part of the public–private innovation trajectory, moving the innovation from the Initial R&D stage, to the Showcasing and dissemination stage to attract critical mass, towards a Turning point stage when the business cases for further upscaling become visible. We identify continuities (i.e. continuity of network & vision, funding and process) as well as a number of alignments as important factors that drive collective innovation processes towards implementation and impact. Further research is needed to establish to what extent these findings are applicable in other contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 17th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2018
EditorsPeter Parycek, Olivier Glassey, Marijn Janssen, Hans Jochen Scholl, Efthimios Tambouris, Evangelos Kalampokis, Shefali Virkar
PublisherSpringer Science+Business Media
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event17th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2018: Electronic Government - Krems, Austria
Duration: 3 Sep 20185 Sep 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science


Conference17th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2018
OtherThis book constitutes the proceedings of the 17th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2018, held in Krems, Austria, in September 2018, in conjunction with the 10th International Conference on eParticipation, ePart 2018.
The 22 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. The papers are clustered under the following topical sections: General E-Government and Open Government; Open Data, Linked Data, and Semantic Web; Smart Governance (Government, Cities and Regions); and Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics and Automated Decision-Making.
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Innovation
  • Public concern
  • Public funding
  • International trade


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