Quantum data hiding

David P. DiVincenzo*, Debbie W. Leung, Barbara M. Terhal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

286 Citations (Scopus)


We expand on our work on Quantum Data Hiding - hiding classical data among parties who are restricted to performing only local quantum operations and classical communication (LOCC). We review our scheme that hides one bit between two parties using Bell states, and we derive upper and lower bounds on the secrecy of the hiding scheme. We provide an explicit bound showing that multiple bits can be hidden bitwise with our scheme. We give a preparation of the hiding states as an efficient quantum computation that uses at most one ebit of entanglement. A candidate data-hiding scheme that does not use entanglement is presented. We show how our scheme for quantum data hiding can be used in a conditionally secure quantum bit commitment scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-598
Number of pages19
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Quantum entanglement
  • Quantum information theory
  • Secret sharing


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