Radiation of Logarithmic Spiral Antennas in the Presence of Dense Dielectric Lenses

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Abstract

In this paper, the performance of logarithmic spiral antennas as feeds of dense dielectric lens are investigated in detail. The performances are evaluated in terms of clean symmetric radiation patterns, high polarization purity, antenna efficiency, and radiation dispersivity. A logarithmic spiral antenna placed in the dielectric-air interface can provide high aperture efficiencies over large bandwidths if coupled to a synthesized elliptical lens. The use of an air gap increases the directivity of the spiral radiation inside the dielectric allowing for lens directive patterns without sidelobes and reducing the dispersivity of the radiated pulse. The directivity enhancement of the fields inside the dielectric is validated by the measurement of a prototype. The highest frequency at which these antennas can be fed by a planar microstrip line is limited by the thickness of the microstrip substrate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4168-4177
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume64
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • ultrawideband antenna
  • Dispersion
  • leaky-wave antenna
  • lens antenna
  • spiral antenna

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