Radical shifts and slow adaptions: The transformation of patterns of dwelling and urban planning since the discovery of oil in Dammam Metropolitan Area, Saudi Arabia

F.F.A. Al Kurdi

    Research output: ThesisDissertation (TU Delft)

    28 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The main objective of this study is: to investigate the impact of the rapid evolution that occurred by several oil booms on the transformation of dwellings ’patterns on all cities components and urban design; and to document its’ effect on the home environment in Dammam Metropolitan Area, Saudi Arabia. It also enables the researcher to understand and describe the aspects that motivate people to adopt and refine the internal and external elements of their home environment and urban design. Finally, the study proposes guidelines and suggestion for urban space design and house form in Saudi neighbourhoods of the future.

    The study plays a significant role in describing and understanding the development of house form and urban design. The research studies the house from the onset of residential settlements of the triplet cities of Dammam, Dhahran and Al-Khobar in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia until the contemporary period. Also, the research determines the main factors behind the changes within each period. The analysis of changes and their associated factors provides a framework for formulating the building regulation and housing policy to match the inhabitants’ needs, for the sake of appropriate dwellings and planned residential neighbourhoods that meet the needs of the population.

    It is essential to provide the designers and urban planners with the ability to understand the effect of urban design on continued socio-cultural values to respect them and create a high-quality, sustainable environment in their future design. In Summary, the research findings reveal that oil discovery period has had a dramatic effect on an urban design which has affected house forms. The divisions of lands, the street layout and even public utilities, the house form and layout, regarding overall space organisation, rooms, distribution, their utilisation and facades, all have already changed and then have slow adaptations along with the development of the region.
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • Delft University of Technology
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • van Gameren, D.E., Supervisor
    Award date23 Feb 2021
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

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