Radioimmunotherapy of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in planktonic state and biofilms

B. van Dijk, K.J.H. Allen, M. Helal, H. C. Vogely, M.G.E.H. Lam, J. M.H. de Klerk, H. Weinans, B.C.H. van der Wal, E. Dadachova

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Abstract

Background Implant associated infections such as periprosthetic joint infections are difficult to treat as the bacteria form a biofilm on the prosthetic material. This biofilm complicates surgical and antibiotic treatment. With rising antibiotic resistance, alternative treatment options are needed to treat these infections in the future. The aim of this article is to provide proof-of-principle data required for further development of radioimmunotherapy for non-invasive treatment of implant associated infections. Methods Planktonic cells and biofilms of Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus are grown and treated with radioimmunotherapy. The monoclonal antibodies used, target wall teichoic acids that are cell and biofilm specific. Three different radionuclides in different doses were used. Viability and metabolic activity of the bacterial cells and biofilms were measured by CFU dilution and XTT reduction. Results Alpha-RIT with Bismuth-213 showed significant and dose dependent killing in both planktonic MRSA and biofilm. When planktonic bacteria were treated with 370 kBq of 213Bi-RIT 99% of the bacteria were killed. Complete killing of the bacteria in the biofilm was seen at 185 kBq. Beta-RIT with Lutetium-177 and Actinium-225 showed little to no significant killing. Conclusion Our results demonstrate the ability of specific antibodies loaded with an alpha-emitter Bismuth-213 to selectively kill staphylococcus aureus cells in vitro in both planktonic and biofilm state. RIT could therefore be a potentially alternative treatment modality against planktonic and biofilm-related microbial infections.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0233086
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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    van Dijk, B., Allen, K. J. H., Helal, M., Vogely, H. C., Lam, M. G. E. H., de Klerk, J. M. H., Weinans, H., van der Wal, B. C. H., & Dadachova, E. (2020). Radioimmunotherapy of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in planktonic state and biofilms. PLoS ONE, 15(5), [e0233086]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233086