Rainfall retrieval using commercial microwave links: Effect of sampling strategy on retrieval accuracy

Jayaram Pudashine, Adrien Guyot, Aart Overeem, Valentijn R.N. Pauwels, Alan Seed, Remko Uijlenhoet, Mahesh Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


This study presents the first evaluation of using commercial microwave link (CML) data for rainfall measurements in Australia, with the test site being the greater Melbourne Metropolitan area. More than 100 CMLs with microwave frequency ranging between 10 and 40 GHz have been used for the rainfall retrieval. The 15-minute received signal levels (RSLs) for each CML based on two sampling strategies (average and minimum/maximum) collected for 2 years provided a unique dataset to compare performances of rainfall retrievals. The open source algorithm RAINLINK was used for deriving rainfall from the 15-minute RSL data. From two years of data, a subset of 30 rainy days distributed across this period were used for calibrating the RAINLINK parameters, with the remaining data used for validation. For this study, only path-averaged rainfall intensities were validated based on a gauge-adjusted radar product serving as the reference. The result of the wet-dry classification showed that the minimum and maximum RSL data performed better, with lower probability of false detection and higher Matthews correlation coefficient than average RSL data. For the rainfall retrieval, both datasets showed similar correlation with the gauge adjusted radar product. However, based on other statistics (RMSE, bias and CV) minimum and maximum RSL data outperformed average for the rainfall retrieval. Overall, this study highlights the robust accuracy of commercial microwave links for rainfall retrieval while using only minimum and maximum RSL data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126909
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Issue numberPart B
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Cellular communication networks
  • Microwave links
  • Opportunistic sensing
  • Rainfall
  • Remote sensing


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