Range image technique for change analysis of rock slopes using dense point cloud data

Yueqian Shen, Jinguo Wang*, Roderik Lindenbergh, Bas Hofland, Vagner G. Ferreira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
46 Downloads (Pure)


The use of a terrestrial laser scanner is examined to measure the changes of rock slopes subject to a wave attack test. Real scenarios are simulated in a water flume facility using a wave attack experiment representing a storm of 3000 waves. The stability of two rock slopes of different steepness was evaluated under the set conditions. For quantification of the changes of the slopes after the wave attack test, terrestrial laser scanning was used to acquire dense 3D point cloud data sampling for slope geometries before and after the wave attack experiment. After registration of the two scans, representing situations before and after the wave attack, the cloud-to-cloud distance was determined to identify areas in the slopes that were affected. Then, a range image technique was introduced to generate a raster image to facilitate a change analysis. Using these raster images, volume change was estimated as well. The results indicate that the area around the artificial coast line is most strongly affected by wave attacks. Another interesting phenomenon considers the change in transport direction of the rocks between the two slopes: from seaward transport for the steeper slope to landward transport for the milder slope. Using the range image technique, the work in this article shows that terrestrial laser scanning is an effective and feasible method for change analysis of long and narrow rock slopes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1792
Number of pages25
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Change analysis
  • Range image
  • Rock slopes
  • TLS
  • Wave attack simulation


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