RAST: Risk-Aware Spatio-Temporal Safety Corridors for MAV Navigation in Dynamic Uncertain Environments

Gang Cheng, S. Wu, M. Shi, W. Dong, H. Zhu, J. Alonso-Mora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Autonomous navigation of Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAVs) in dynamic and unknown environments is a complex and challenging task. Current works rely on assumptions to solve the problem. The MAV's pose is precisely known, the dynamic obstacles can be explicitly segmented from static ones, their number is known and fixed, or they can be modeled with given shapes. In this paper, we present a method for MAV navigation in dynamic uncertain environments without making any of these assumptions. The method employs a particle-based dynamic map to represent the local environment and predicts it to the near future. Collision risk is defined based on the predicted maps and a series of risk-aware spatio-temporal (RAST) safety corridors are constructed, which are finally used to optimize a dynamically-feasible collision-free trajectory for the MAV. We compared our method with several state-of-the-art works in 12000 simulation tests in Gazebo with the physical engine enabled. The results show that our method has the highest success rate at different uncertainty levels. Finally, we validated the proposed method in real experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-815
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

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  • Aerial systems
  • collision avoidance
  • motion and path planning
  • perception and autonomy


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