Rational design of soft mechanical metamaterials: Independent tailoring of elastic properties with randomness

Mohammad Mirzaali Mazandarani, R. Hedayati, P. Vena, L. Vergani, M. Strano, A. A. Zadpoor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


The elastic properties of mechanical metamaterials are direct functions of their topological designs. Rational design approaches based on computational models could, therefore, be used to devise topological designs that result in the desired properties. It is of particular importance to independently tailor the elastic modulus and Poisson's ratio of metamaterials. Here, we present patterned randomness as a strategy for independent tailoring of both properties. Soft mechanical metamaterials incorporating various types of patterned randomness were fabricated using an indirect additive manufacturing technique and mechanically tested. Computational models were also developed to predict the topology-property relationship in a wide range of proposed topologies. The results of this study show that patterned randomness allows for independent tailoring of the elastic properties and covering a broad area of the elastic modulus-Poisson's ratio plane. The uniform and homogenous topologies constitute the boundaries of the covered area, while topological designs with patterned randomness fill the enclosed area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number051903
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Elasticity
  • Metamaterials
  • Chaos
  • Poisson's ratio
  • Topology


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