New self-healing agents that can chemically bind seawater ions invading cracked cementitious materials were proposed. The potential of self-healing and binding of seawater ions were investigated by thermodynamic modeling. It was found that CaO-NaAlO2 and CaO-metakaolin agents can have Cl−, SO42− and Mg2+ chemically bound by reacting with sea water to form Friedel's salt, Kuzel's salt, ettringite and hydrotalcite. The removal of Cl− from seawater firstly increased and then decreased with the increase of Ca/Al molar ratio in both agents, while the removal of Mg2+ and SO42− were hardly influenced and approximated 100%. Because NaAlO2 dissolves and releases Al(OH)4− rapidly, precipitates binding Cl−, SO42− and Mg2+ were formed fast. In comparison, the reaction of metakaolin binding aggressive ions occurred after 3 days. Because of the faster reaction and the capacity to make [Cl−]/[OH−] lower in the solution, CaO-NaAlO2 would be more efficient for self-healing and mitigating reinforcement corrossion than CaO-metakaolin.
Bibliographical noteAccepted Author Manuscript
- Cementitious materials
- Ion binding
- Marine environment
- Thermodynamic modeling