Real-time airport surface movement planning: Minimizing aircraft emissions

C. Evertse, H. G. Visser*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a study towards the development of a real-time taxi movement planning system that seeks to optimize the timed taxiing routes of all aircraft on an airport surface, by minimizing the emissions that result from taxiing aircraft operations. To resolve this online planning problem, one of the most commonly employed operations research methods for large-scale problems has been successfully used, viz., mixed-integer linear programming (MILP). The MILP formulation implemented herein permits the planning system to update the total taxi planning every 15 s, allowing to respond to unforeseen disturbances in the traffic flow. Extensive numerical experiments involving a realistic (hub) airport environment bear out that an estimated environmental benefit of 1–3 percent per emission product can be obtained. This research effort clearly demonstrates that a surface movement planning system capable of minimizing the emissions in conjunction with the total taxiing time can be beneficial for airports that face dense surface traffic and stringent environmental requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-241
Number of pages18
JournalTransportation Research. Part C: Emerging Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Airport surface movement planning
  • Emissions
  • Mixed-integer linear programming


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