Reduction Kinetics of Fine Hematite Ore Particles in Suspension

Zhiyuan Chen*, Christiaan Zeilstra, Jan van der Stel, Jilt Sietsma, Yongxiang Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Suspension reduction kinetics of hematite ore particles at 1710 K to 1785 K was described by the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov model with Avrami exponent of 1.405. The apparent activation energy is 105.5 kJ mol−1 with the rate determining step of nucleation and growth. The reduction degree of the hematite at the endpoint is a linear function of temperature and the logarithmic oxygen potential of the reacting gas. A peak function of reaction rate constant with particle size has been verified in this work, and the maximum value of the reaction rate is located at around 85 µm particle size. The influence of heat transfer on the reaction process has been evaluated. The results suggest that the heating-up process for large particles, 244 µm particles, for instance, cannot be ignored. It can retard the reaction rate compared to small particles. Normally, the reaction rate constant decreases linearly with the increase of ln[p(O2)] of the reacting gas mixture. However, 95 vol pct CO2 in the reacting gas can accelerate the reaction rate of thermal decomposition of hematite due to the emissivity of CO2 gas. It results in a higher reaction rate of 110 µm particles in 95 vol pct CO2-containing gas than that in other less CO2-containing gases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3393-3402
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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