"Reflection-Before-Practice" Improves Self-Assessment and End-Performance in Laparoscopic Surgical Skills Training

Sandeep Ganni, SMBI Botden, Dennis P. Schaap, Bas H. Verhoeven, Richard Goossens, Jack Jakimowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To establish whether a systematized approach to self-assessment in a laparoscopic surgical skills course improves accordance between expert- and self-assessment.

Design: A systematic training course in self-assessment using Competency Assessment Tool was introduced into the normal course of evaluation within a Laparoscopic Surgical Skills training course for the test group (n = 30). Differences between these and a control group (n = 30) who did not receive the additional training were assessed.

Setting: Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands (n = 27), and GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, India (n = 33).

Participants: Sixty postgraduate year 2 and 3 surgical residents who attended the 2-day Laparoscopic Surgical Skills grade 1 level 1 curriculum were invited to participate.

Results: The test group (n = 30) showed better accordance between expert- and self-assessment (difference of 1.5, standard deviation [SD] = 0.2 versus 3.83, SD = 0.6, p = 0.009) as well as half the number (7 versus 14) of cases of overreporting. Furthermore, the test group also showed higher overall mean performance (mean = 38.1, SD = 0.7 versus mean = 31.8, SD = 1.0, p < 0.001) than the control group (n = 30). The systematic approach to self-assessment can be viewed as responsible for this and can be seen as "reflection-before-practice" within the framework of reflective practice as defined by Donald Schon.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that "reflection-before-practice" in implementing self-assessment is an important step in the development of surgical skills, yielding both better understanding of one's strengths and weaknesses and also improving overall performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-533
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Evaluation
  • Expert assessment
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Laparoscopic skills
  • Self-assessment
  • Training

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