Refractory CrMoNbWV High-Entropy Alloy Manufactured by Mechanical Alloying and Spark Plasma Sintering: Evolution of Microstructure and Properties

Nikolay Razumov, Tagir Makhmutov, Artem Kim, Boris Shemyakinsky, V. Popovich, Anatoly Popovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this study, bulk samples of a CrMoNbWV high-entropy alloy (HEA) were obtained for the first time by spark plasma sintering (SPS) of mechanically alloyed (MA) powders at 1200 °C, 1300 °C, and 1400 °C. Microstructure evolution, phase formation as well as wear and corrosion behavior were investigated. The MA powders’ phase composition was found to be represented by body-centered-cubic (BCC) solid solution. The solid solution partially decomposed to Laves phases under the sintering, such as Cr2Nb and (Fe, Cr)Nb, and NbVO4-VO oxides mixture. The temperature increase to 1400 °C led to a grain coarsening of the BCC phase and decreased the Laves phase content accompanied by precipitation at the grain boundaries. The sintered samples showed high hardness and compressive strength (2700–2800 MPa) at room temperature. The wear tests demonstrated excellent results in comparison to conventional wear-resistant composites. The obtained samples also exhibited high corrosion resistance under electrochemical tests in H2SO4 solution. The CrMoNbWV HEA has comparable mechanical and corrosive properties with the WNbMoTaV type HEA, but at the same time has a reduced density: CrMoNbWV—10.55 g/cm3, WNbMoTaV—12.42 g/cm3
Original languageEnglish
Article number621
Number of pages14
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • high entropy alloys
  • spark plasma sintering
  • mechanical alloying
  • wear
  • corrosion behavior

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