Reframing the Design Process: Integrating Goals, Methods and Manifestation into the Co-Evolution Model

R.M.R. Storm, Jeffrey van Maanen, Milene Guerreiro Goncalves

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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In their early years of education, design students may experience difficulties in reframing design problems. Since reframing is linked to creativity, this may be problematic. While there are some models available to describe the reframing process, it is yet unclear how they are supporting design students. This study concerned the development and test of a framing model based on co-evolution transitions, through a two-part study: interviews with expert designers and workshops followed by group interviews with novices. The resulting model offers a way of thinking and a way of working, based on the fluidity of the design process. This study yielded two major insights. Firstly, students tend to perceive the problem space to be fixed once they defined it, even if they discovered disparate information along the way. Secondly, the developed model provides students with guidance and confidence in dealing with complex problems. Our results have a considerable impact on design education, as it is important to reinforce to design students that both the problem and solution understanding are fluid, and this model provides initial steps to help designers structuring their process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED19
EditorsPetra Badke Schaub, Maaike Kleinsmann
Place of PublicationDelft
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventICED19 : 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Aug 20198 Aug 2019


ConferenceICED19 : 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design


  • Design methodology
  • Design education
  • Creativity
  • Co-Evolution
  • Human behaviour in design

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