Regional scale rainfall–runoff modeling using VARX–MGARCH approach

Farshad Fathian, Ahmad Fakheri-Fard, Reza Modarres, P. H.A.J.M. van Gelder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Multivariate time series modeling approaches are known as useful tools for describing, simulating, and forecasting hydrologic variables as well as their changes over the time. These approaches also have temporal and cross-sectional spatial dependence in multiple measurements. Although the application of multivariate linear and nonlinear time series approaches such as vector autoregressive with eXogenous variables (VARX) and multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (MGARCH) models are commonly used in financial and economic sciences, these approaches have not been extensively used in hydrology and water resources engineering. This study employed VARX and VARX–MGARCH approaches in modeling mean and conditional heteroscedasticity of daily rainfall and runoff records in the basin of Zarrineh Rood Dam, Iran. Bivariate diagonal VECH (DVECH) model, as a main type of MGARCH, shows how the conditional variance–covariance and conditional correlation structure vary over the time between residuals series of the fitted VARX. For this purpose, five model fits, which consider different combinations of twofold rainfall and runoff, including both upstream and downstream stations, have been investigated in the present study. The VARX model, with different orders, was applied to the daily rainfall–runoff process of the study area in each of these model fits. The Portmanteau test revealed the existence of conditional heteroscedasticity in the twofold residuals of fitted VARX models. Therefore, the VARX–DVECH model is proposed to capture the heteroscedasticity existing in the daily rainfall–runoff process. The bivariate DVECH model indicated both short-run and long-run persistency in the conditional variance–covariance matrix related to the twofold innovations of rainfall–runoff processes. Furthermore, the evaluation criteria for the VARX–DVECH model revealed the improvement of VARX model performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Conditional correlation
  • Conditional variance–covariance
  • Diagonal VECH
  • Rainfall–runoff process
  • VARX

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Regional scale rainfall–runoff modeling using VARX–MGARCH approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this