Regional Versus Physically-Based Methods For Flood Inundation Modelling In Data Scarce Areas: An Application To The Blue Nile

K Yan, F Pappenberger, Y.M. Umer, Dmitri Solomatine, G Di Baldassarre

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

One of the main obstacles in mapping flood hazard in data scarce areas is the difficulty in estimating the design flood, i.e. river discharge corresponding to a given return period. This exercise can be carried out using regionalization techniques, which are based on flood data of regions with similar hydro-climatic conditions, or employing physically based model cascades. In this context, we compared the flood extents maps derived for a river reach of the Blue Nile following two alternative methods: i) regional envelope curve (REC), whereby design floods (e.g. 1-in-20 and 1-in-100 year flood peaks) are derived from African envelope curves and ii) physical model cascade (PMC), whereby design floods are calculated from the physical model chain of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF,). The two design flood estimates are then used as input of a 2D hydraulic model LISFLOOD-FP and the simulated flood extents are quantitatively evaluated by comparing to a reference flood extent model, which uses design floods estimated from in situ data. The results show the complexity in assessing flood hazard in data scarce area as PMC largely overestimates the flood extent, while REC underestimates it.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the HIC 2014 - 11th international conference on hydroinformatics
EditorsM Piasecki
Pages849-855
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event11th International Conference on Hydroinformatics - New York, United States
Duration: 17 Aug 201421 Aug 2014
Conference number: 11
http://academicworks.cuny.edu/cc_conf_hic/

Publication series

Name
Publishers.n.

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Hydroinformatics
Abbreviated titleHIC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityNew York
Period17/08/1421/08/14
Internet address

Keywords

  • Flood hazard mapping
  • regional envelope curve
  • physical model cascade
  • design flood estimation
  • LISFLOOD-FP

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