Relative Permeability of Near-Miscible Fluids in Compositional Simulators

Ala N. Alzayer, Denis V. Voskov, Hamdi A. Tchelepi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
55 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Miscible gas injection is one of the most effective enhanced oil recovery techniques. There are several challenges in accurately modeling this process, which occurs in the near-miscible region. The adjustment of relative permeability for near-miscible processes is the main focus of this work. The dependence of relative permeability on phase identification can lead to significant complications while simulating near-miscible displacements. We present an analysis of how existing methods incorporate compositional dependence in relative permeability functions. The sensitivity of the different methods to the choice of reference points is presented with guidelines to limit the modification of the relative permeabilities to physically reasonable values. We distinguish between the two objectives of reflecting near-miscible behavior and ensuring smooth transitions across phase changes. We highlight an important link that combines the two objectives in a more general framework. We make use of Gibbs free energy as a compositional indicator in the generalized framework. The new approach was implemented in an automatic differentiation general purpose research simulator and tested on a set of near-miscible gas-injection problems. We show that including compositional dependencies in the relative permeability near the critical point impacts the simulation results with significant improvements in nonlinear convergence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547–573
Number of pages27
JournalTransport in Porous Media
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Compositional
  • Gas injection
  • Gibbs free energy
  • Miscible
  • Relative permeability
  • Simulation
  • Surface tension

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