The state-of-the-art joint migration inversion faces the so-called amplitude-versus-offset challenge, due to adopting over-simplified one-way propagation, reflection and transmission operators to avoid over-parameterization in the inversion process. To overcome this challenge, we apply joint migration inversion to horizontally layered media (or 1.5-dimensional media) and parameterize the solution space via density and velocity models. In this scenario, one-way propagation, reflection and transmission operators required by the joint migration inversion process can be analytically and correctly derived from the subsurface models, so the amplitude-versus-offset challenge is successfully overcome. We introduce a new concept, which is named ‘inverse propagation’, into our 1.5-dimensional amplitude-versus-offset joint migration inversion. It can correctly reconstruct subsurface wavefields by using a surface-recorded receiver wavefield with all the influence of transmission, reflection and multiples accounted for. A synthetic example is used to demonstrate the correctness of the inverse propagation. This work is the foundation to further develop the 1.5-dimensional amplitude-versus-offset joint migration inversion technology.
Bibliographical noteAccepted Author Manuscript
- Computing aspects
- Full waveform