Responses of hydropower generation and sustainability to changes in reservoir policy, climate and land use under uncertainty: A case study of Xinanjiang Reservoir in China

Yuxue Guo, Guohua Fang, Yue Ping Xu, Xin Tian, Jingkai Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Climate and land use changes will affect the hydrological regime, and therefore hydropower. This study which aims to develop a novel modeling framework, does not only determine the changes in hydropower generation and sustainability, but also provide robust operating rules for handling uncertainty attributed to both climate and land use changes, using Xinanjiang Reservoir in Eastern China as a case study. Specifically, projections of five bias-corrected and downscaled General Circulation Models (GCMs) and three modeled land uses representing a range of tradeoffs between ecological protection and urban development are employed to drive the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) and to predict streamflow under 15 scenarios. We then develop a set of robust rule curves to consider the potential uncertainty in reservoir inflow and to increase hydropower generation, and a baseline rule is presented for comparison. Results show that both robust and baseline rules increase hydropower generation with increasing reservoir inflows in future, but the robust rule yields better hydropower generation, sustainability and efficiency. The streamflow under the rapid urbanization scenarios differs from that under other scenarios, but there are no significant differences in hydropower among scenarios corresponding to the non-linear relationship between streamflow and hydropower change. Our findings highlight the potential to improve water resource utilization in the future, especially based on the robust operating rule considering optimization and uncertainty, and can provide references for future hydropower planning to the other existing plants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124609
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume281
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Climate and land use change
  • Hydropower generation
  • Reservoir policy
  • Robust optimization
  • Sustainability

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