Rethinking the Role of AI with Physicians in Oncology: Revealing Perspectives from Clinical and Research Workflows

H. Verma, Jakub Mlynar, Roger Schaer, Julien Reichenbach, Mario Jreige, John Prior, Florian Evéquoz, Adrien Depeursinge

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
57 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Significant and rapid advancements in cancer research have been attributed to Artificial Intelligence (AI). However, AI’s role and impact on the clinical side has been limited. This discrepancy manifests due to the overlooked, yet profound, differences in the clinical and research practices in oncology. Our contribution seeks to scrutinize physicians' engagement with AI by interviewing 7 medical-imaging experts and disentangle its future alignment across the clinical and research workflows, diverging from the existing "one-size-fits-all" paradigm within Human-Centered AI discourses. Our analysis revealed that physicians' trust in AI is less dependent on their general acceptance of AI, but more on their contestable experiences with AI. Contestability, in clinical workflows, underpins the need for personal supervision of AI outcomes and processes, i.e., clinician-in-the-loop. Finally, we discuss tensions in the desired attributes of AI, such as explainability and control, contextualizing them within the divergent intentionality and scope of clinical and research workflows.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI 2023 - Proceedings of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-9421-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Congress Center Hamburg (CCH), Hamburg, Germany
Duration: 23 Apr 202328 Apr 2023
https://chi2023.acm.org/

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Abbreviated titleCHI'23
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityHamburg
Period23/04/2328/04/23
Internet address

Keywords

  • AI in Oncology
  • Clinical Adoption of AI
  • maginaries
  • Explainability
  • Contestability
  • Human-Centered AI
  • Human-In-The-Loop AI

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