Revealing the influence of Mo addition on interphase precipitation in Ti-bearing low carbon steels

Haokai Dong, Hao Chen*, Ahmadreza Riyahi khorasgani, Boning Zhang, Yongjie Zhang, Zhenqiang Wang, Xiaosheng Zhou, Wei Wang, Sybrand van der Zwaag, More Authors

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Mo is widely used as an effective microalloying element to improve mechanical performance of interphase precipitation steels, but the precise role of Mo in interphase precipitation behavior is not fully understood. In this contribution, interphase precipitation behavior in a series of Ti-Mo-bearing low carbon steels is systematically studied, and the role of Mo in interphase precipitates and its coarsening behavior is revisited. It is found that (Ti, Mo)C precipitates instead of TiC are formed in the Mo-containing alloys, and the average site fraction of Mo in (Ti, Mo)C is almost independent of the bulk Mo content. Moreover, the number density of interphase precipitates can be substantially enhanced by a minor addition of Mo, albeit it does not further rise with increasing the bulk Mo content. This is because the Mo fraction in (Ti, Mo)C rather than the bulk Mo content governs the driving force for precipitation nucleation and the interfacial energy of the (Ti, Mo)C/α and (Ti, Mo)C/γ interfaces. In addition to the reduced interfacial energy, decrease of Ti trans-interface diffusivity has been identified as another key reason for the enhanced carbide coarsening resistance in Mo-containing alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117475
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • (Ti, Mo)C
  • Carbide nucleation
  • Coarsening resistance
  • Interfacial energy
  • Interphase precipitation
  • Trans-interface diffusivity


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