Review of strain rate effects of fiber-reinforced polymer composites

Lulu Ma, Feng Liu, Dongyu Liu, Yaolu Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
74 Downloads (Pure)


The application of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites is gaining increasing popu-larity in impact-resistant devices, automotives, biomedical devices and aircraft structures due to their high strength-to-weight ratios and their potential for impact energy absorption. Impact-induced high loading rates can result in significant changes of mechanical properties (e.g., elastic modulus and strength) before strain softening occurs and failure characteristics inside the strain localization zone (e.g., failure mechanisms and fracture energy) for fiber-reinforced polymer composites. In general, these phenomena are called the strain rate effects. The underlying mechanisms of the observed rate-dependent deformation and failure of composites take place among multiple length and time scales. The contributing mechanisms can be roughly classified as: the viscosity of composite constituents (polymer, fiber and interfaces), the rate-dependency of the fracture mechanisms, the inertia effects, the thermomechanical dissipation and the characteristic fracture time. Numerical models, including the viscosity type of constitutive models, rate-dependent cohesive zone models, enriched equation of motion and thermomechanical numerical models, are useful for a better understanding of these contributing factors of strain rate effects of FRP composites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2839
Number of pages31
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Composites
  • Impact
  • Mechanism
  • Multiscale
  • Strain rate


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