Risk Perception in Ecological Information Systems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

One issue that regularly occurs in the context of ecological information systems is that these systems can invite operators to migrate to the limits of system performance. This could lead to the assumption that ecological systems are thus inherently unsafe. We argue, however, that the source of this issue is tied to a modeling problem of the work domain. That is, the majority of ecological systems predominantly model the physical or causa] structure of the work domain, thereby neglecting the intentional structure. Many complex socio-technica! systems contain a mix of causa] and intentional constraints-rules, procedures, and regulations-that contribute to safe operations of those systems. The work described in this chapter examines how visualizing intentional information in an ecological synthetic vision display affects pilot behavior, decision making, and safety in a terrain avoidance task. An experiment with 16 professional pilots showed that adding an intentional constraint increased the clearance during terrain avoidance and gave them more insight into the terrain avoidance task, which enabled them to make better tradeoffs between safety and performance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology
EditorsPS Tsang
Place of PublicationDayton, OH, USA
PublisherWrite State University
Pages436-441
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event17th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - Dayton
Duration: 4 May 20137 May 2013

Publication series

Name
PublisherWrite State University

Conference

Conference17th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology
Abbreviated titleISAP 2013
Period4/05/137/05/13

Keywords

  • Conf.proc. > 3 pag

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